Skills mismatch, literally «misalignment» or «asymmetry» in skills.
The expression should help to explain a typically Italian phenomenon: a good number of graduates can not find a job, while there are companies that are struggling to find specialized staff.
In Italy only 18% of the inhabitants are in possession of a degree, against an average of 36% in the other countries of the OECD (the organization of the most industrialized countries). Moreover, the italian «third level» education is heavily oriented towards subjects difficult to place on the labour market. In 2015, 39% of graduates took courses in the so-called «humanities»: art, letters, philosophy, journalism, communication science, etc. The corresponding figure in the other OECD countries is 23%. Graduates in the so-called «Stem» subjects: science, technology, engineering and Math are missing.
«The whole university system should be reorganized», explains Carlotta de Franceschi of Action Institute.
The whole University World is examined by an OECD study, the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (Piaac), a test submitted to 5,000 adults per country in order to assess their language skills, mathematics, and the ability to solve complex problems. Italy is the last in two out of three rankings (only Spain does worse than us when it comes to mathematics). The interesting fact is that Italians who have primary or secondary education (high school) do not disfigure at all in the international comparison (they are average or even above average). To lower the overall performance are the graduates.
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